Day 123: TEDx Sydney, part 2!!

Session 3

– Jess Miller: Founder of Grow it Local ( who provided a yummy crowd sourced lunch!)
– This TEDx created ideas worth eating.

– Marc Newson in conversation
– Designed the Lockheed lounge in 1988- became an influence for a number of future designs worldwide.
– Influence of being Australian manifested itself and became evident slowly- only now that he realises what it means. Light experienced in somewhere like Sydney is huge. Travel is a national characteristic. Lack of relative inhibition experience growing up in Australia.
– Important distinction between artist and designer is the same as how there’s a distinction between artist and architect.
– Designed everything from spaceships to toilets.
– Strive to create a classic; at least something that outlives you.

– Andrew Parker: colour doesn’t exist in outside world, only in mind of animals with eyes.
– Colour changes in nature. Bright metallic colours in humming birds and beetles. Bioluminescence. Optical reflectors were discovered in fossils. One of most dramatic events when vision introduced to world. 95% of animals have eyes today.
– Evolution- design process where trillions of DNA strands produce new types of colours.
– Bioluminescent chemicals- efficient light- almost all energy converted into light. Common in deep sea.
– Chromatophores- this is how chameleons change colour- as they expand they change colour.
– Picture of spines of sea mouse, Aphrodita. Can see tiny nano tubes which form a photonic crystal fibre. In 2000- first photonic crystal found in nature. Opal is a good example of a photonic crystal.
– Designs in nature not known in physics yet.
– Industry makes opal at high energy costs- nature magically mixes together chemicals to make opal at low energy costs.
– Some optical devices in nature prevent colour such as anti- reflection grating in 45 million year old fly.
– This talk was an introduction to the subject which all began 520 million years ago.

– Ensemble offspring: Re-imaginings of contemporary classics- here, Philip Larkin.

– Omar Muss tells the story of his upbringing in Canberra through poetry.
– ‘Each day, like smoke, I unwound up the stairs. ‘
– In Malay culture, a storyteller is named, ‘reliever of sorrows.’
– Standing ovation!

– Marita Cheng, 2012 young Australian of the year.
– Limited awareness of what engineering is from young people. Why do we do such a bad job at inspiring the next generation to become engineers?
– Run robotics workshops, computer programming and teach kids from primary school how to make stuff.
– The Robo-gals can only reach a tiny fraction of the schools out there- need more!
– A nation that doesn’t create is forced to just consume.

– David Sinclair: genetics professor at Harvard, working on ageing.
– Thinking about ageing stops us from living the lives we could actually live.
– WHO just put out a huge report that ageing is one of biggest problems of our generation.
– 99% of medical research devoted to diseases such as cancer etc which only a fraction of us will get, whereas we will all age, hopefully. Ended up with a nation of elderly whose hearts are working well but brains aren’t.
– Percentage of time spent in good health is actually decreasing.
– In his 20s went off to study why yeast cells grow old- found that genes were switched on over time.
– Discovered 7 longevity genes in our bodies which can protect body against diseases of ageing. We need to work out how to tweak these and make them more active.
– New theory- as we get older, genes are switched on in wrong way.
– Started a company based on discovery that molecules could activate enzymes. This molecule was found in red wine.
– One day may be able to take a tablet in the morning and evening to ward off diseases of ageing.

Kate Miller Heidke

Session 4

Tom Thum- Beat Box!

– Damien Mander- story begins in Zimbabwe with a brave park ranger and an injured buffalo. The buffalo was caught in a snare and had fought so hard she ripped her pelvis in half to escape.
– Martin Luther King ‘There comes a time when one must take a position that’s neither political, safe or popular.’
– Greatest fear when watching the Wizard of Oz was that he’d grow up like the lion, without courage.
– Age of 20- clearance diver in Navy. Age 25- sniper. Knew when thighs went bad in Baghdad, people died. Didn’t care about environment.
– After 12 tours to Iraq he was purely programmed to destroy. Looking back he’s only performed one true act of bravery- to give up everything to stop
– Aged 29 arrived in Africa 2009. Lost. Consumed by deep sadness.
– His life’s savings have been used to found and grow the International poaching organisation.
– Does a cow value it’s life more than we value our barbecue?
– We don’t allow truth to inconvenience our eating habits.
– Next time you have an opportunity to make a difference for animals, will you be brave enough?

-Doctor Rebecca Huntley- writer, social researcher and Mum.
– Uses word consumer a lot.
– Most people describe themselves as middle class if pressed.
– Group with lots of people who are wealthy they usually describe themselves as ‘not rich.’
– What is uniquely Australian? Koalas and Medicare.
– Working families hate the term, ‘working families.’
– We are smarter about how marketing works.
– A lot of the time people are looking for differences. They hate being labelled but they love labelling. Based on perception rather than difference. Differences are largely marginal.
– Love, security, home, concern about future, desire for meaningful work all link people.
– If people had a choice between being considered likeable or interesting what would they choose? 65% chose likeable. Desire to belong more important?
– Great speeches use the word, ‘we’ liberally.
– No matter how different we think we are, we’re all in this together.

– George Khut- artist working with the autonomic nervous system.
– Technology interactive.
– 2004. Sounds and visuals driven in real time by heartbeat. What can we discover about ourselves during the moment?
– Hospitals could be a good place for this art.
– idea to create body maps came from women with HIV in Uganda and South Africa.
– 2011: ‘Bright Hearts’ project in Westmead. Tried to teach kids getting botulinum toxin injections to relax. Developed IPad app so kids had a reference point to try and manage their experience. They can track their breathing and heart rate through colour and imagery.

Greg Sheehan plays Fifty Drummers.

Paul Pholeros- housing for health.
– 80% of illnesses in an indigenous centre in South Australia were diseases caused by poor living conditions in 1985. Pholeros was also in the meeting about this.
– Project- doctor worked on nine health goals- all simple targets such as washing, nutrition etc.
– main concern with hygiene of kids aged 0-5. Diseases then of eyes, skin etc can permanently damage organs. Mild skin infections give a greater chance of renal failure needing dialysis aged 40.
– In mostly indigenous communities surveyed, 10% of 7800 houses had safe electrical systems, 58% had a working toilet.
– Housing for Health starts work Day one, training a local team, by that evening a few houses are better.
– Average budget is $7500. This gets 86% showers, 77% electricity and 90% toilets working.
– Argue strongly that people living in house are solution, not problem. 75% of employees are local indigenous people.
– Needed to eradicate trachoma in late 90s in an indigenous community. Brought in showers, an expert on limiting dust and an expert in catching the disease transmitting fly.
– Spread the ideas to Nepal.

-Justine Rogers- comedian and sociology lecture.
– Shares her comedic tips for preparing a TED talk ( NB- all tongue in cheek!)
– Introduction should barely connect to the topic.
– Bring on a prop but don’t reference it so the audience are intrigued.
– Purpose: you might want to be inspirational but remember you need to make the business case!
– Working the camera: Don’t look at the cameras
– Images: Best images are glaciers, deserts and galaxies.
– Use expert terms and obscure terms so people take you seriously!
– Closing with a bang- To get your audience to share your talk on Facebook, each phrase needs to get quieter and more spiritual until you’re making an inaudible comment about ghosts.

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